Even small yards can be a place for an assortment of incredible trees offering shade or fruit. There is nothing better to have in your landscape than a beautiful, tall tree.
Trees are just amazing. From a single small seed, you can grow a fairly huge air-purifying, hydraulic, solar-powered equipment that does everything it needs from water, soil, and sunshine.
Science is fantastic, and technology is great, but science has never created a tree by nothing but planting a seed or taking a cutting (clone). Its nature then takes over and grows a tree based on its genetic makeup based on its internal design.
Below are some trees that will work in a small yard.
Serviceberry: Numerous species are available with various heights going from shrub-sized to small tree. Some produce delicious fruits after the aromatic white flowers are pollinated.
Crape Myrtle: Trees are compatible with full sun locations, as well as being heat tolerant, and make showy flowers even in lousy soil.
Japanese Maple: These are common landscape trees and with good reason. Its bold colors and little statue can be an incredible accent in a bit of space. Japanese maple trees come in hundreds of selections with a vast range of colors, growth habits, and leaf types. Most are compatible for partially shaded locations. Even though the flowers are modest, the fall leaf colors make up for that.
Apple: A full-sized apple tree could overwhelm a small yard. However, dwarf apple trees remain at or below eight feet while generating a good-sized crop of full-sized fruit. There are around hundreds of varieties of apple trees, lots of them grafted onto dwarf rootstock which keeps the trees littler while the upper portion dictates the type and quality of fruit.
From sweet summer apples to late season apples, there are varieties for just about anyone’s preference. While some types can still grow bigger than intended getting the tree pruned by a tree specialist can keep it in check.
These favorite fruit trees are available in smaller sizes that could fit a small yard: apricots, pears, cherries, peaches, and more.
You wouldn’t go to a physician without a license. So, why pick an arborist without a license to do tree care? The best services come from the most qualified tree experts. That’s why certification is so crucial. Below is the answer to the question, “Why is arborist certification important?”
What is an ISA arborist certification?
The ISA (International Society of Arboriculture) certification program guarantees arborists are schooled in every aspect of arboriculture. If an arborist is certified, it signifies they meet basic criteria like at least three years of hands-on, full-time experience in arboriculture or a degree in a related field such as horticulture, landscape architecture, or forestry.
Applicants must pass an exam and keep their certification through ongoing education or retake the test every 36 months. Specialists can also further obtain and specialty certifications in subjects like tree worker climber, arborist utility, tree worker aerial lift, board-certified master arborist, and arborist municipal.
What are the advantages of having a certified arborist?
They satisfy arboriculture criteria:
An arborist has passed a test crafted to cover all appropriate areas of knowledge to succeed in the industry. The process incorporates an application process, a test, and review after the exam. This connotates a certified arborist has met the ISA’s standards and have been approved and screened through their painstaking review process.
They show commitment to continuing education:
This certification means an arborist has tried to stay up to date and to attend continuing education classes. Certified arborists have satisfied the required amount of CEUs (continuing education units) over three years in addition to participating in local events, and taking computer-based training and seminars, staying current with first aid and CPR training, and taking college courses.
They have relevant, significant experience:
To get certified, an arborist must have at least three years in the field or a college degree in a related field. These experts aren’t beginners. They’re specialists who have put a lot of effort and time in the field and want to keep and build their experience during their careers. Also, the ISA encourages networking locally so specialists can work with each other to deliver top-quality service to everyone.
You're correct if you think that trees are frequently overlooked in plant lists for bees. Up until now, more folks seemed to be interested in trees that didn't attract bees.
Planting pollinator patches have become a critical gardening trend as folks are becoming aware of the declining bee population.
What trees do bees like? Below are some great species.
American linden or basswood. A tree with pale-yellow flowers in June trailed by summer nutlets. Thrive over 45 feet tall and up to 35 feet wide.
Southern Magnolia. A spectacular evergreen with white flowers and shiny green leaves with tan undersides. Gets over 30 feet tall and over 20 feet wide.
Chokecherry. A little tree that gets bunches of white flowers from April to May. Flourish over 15 feet tall and 15 feet wide.
Redbud. A tiny flowering tree that's one of the first to blossom in spring with little lavender flowers all along the limbs even before the leaves grow. Develops between 15 to 20 feet tall and over 20 feet wide.
Crabapple. Another small flowering tree with attractive blooms of pink, magenta, and white in early spring then nice-size fruits in summer and fall — flourishes up to 20 feet tall and over 15 feet wide.
Tupelo or Black Gum. A damp-soil-tolerant, medium-sized tree with little green-white flowers in late spring and vivid maroon fall foliage. Females produce blue fruits that birds enjoy. Gets up to 50 feet tall and over 25 feet wide.
Serviceberry. An excellent small April-to-May thriving tree with white flowers followed by blue June fruits that birds adore. Also grows lovely burnt-gold to maroon fall foliage. Gets over 15 feet wide and tall.
Seven-son flower. This one is native to China but appealing to butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds due to its late-summer bloom time (September, when few other trees are Gets close to 18 feet tall and up to 10 feet wide.
If you would like more information on what trees are attracted to bees, get in touch with a Syracuse tree service company. An arborist can let you know what to do to get your pollinator garden.
Lightning is one of nature’s most potent forces. Lightning can have destructive effects on property, trees, and people. Every strike of electricity can go over five miles and create temperatures higher than 50,000 degrees F and an electrical charge of more than 100 million volts.
Detection systems for lightning sense over 20 million lightning strike annually. This is why it’s crucial to understand how lightning damages trees and what to do to repair them.
Trees have a particularly vulnerable position in the landscape since they are usually the highest objects. Tall trees are the most susceptible particularly those growing by themselves in open spaces like in pastures, near water, or on hills. Many of these trees frame the neighborhood streets and surround schools, businesses, and residences.
The response of Trees to Lightning
A tree’s structural integrity and biological function are affected by lightning. Along the lightning path, steam is produced, cells explode, and sap boils in the wood, making bark to be blown away.
If only one side of the tree has evidence of a lightning strike, the odds of the tree surviving and eventually sealing the wound is solid. Though, when the lightning completely goes through the tree trunk with bark and wood exploding everywhere, trees are typically killed. Call a storm tree removal company if you have a dead or damaged tree in your yard.
Many trees are brutally injured internally or underground by lightning in spite of the absence of external, visible symptoms. Lightning goes from the trunk of the tree through the roots and dissolves in the earth. Significant root damage from electricity might cause the tree to weaken and die without significant above ground damage. Fertilization and water are recommended to lessen tree stress.
Trees Lightning Protection Systems
Rare, historic trees, mainly when they are the center of landscapes, are treasured and can be safeguarded by a correctly installed lightning protection system.
Trees that animals or people might hide under in a storm must be protected. Trees nearer than 25 feet from a structure or building should also be safeguarded to eliminate side-flash. Golf courses, public buildings, and parks must have big trees shielded to reduce liability risks.
Everyone loves the appeal of a magnificent tree in the yard or reinforcing a tree house for the children. But could that tree bring specific risks to your home? Under some circumstances, a beautiful tree can be a real threat to the foundation of your house.
Here’s what to do about roots and concrete, what you need to understand about the risks, and what you can do to stop issues down the road.
Tree roots and soil
Tree roots are very vigorous even new, little roots. Because they are compelled to find more sources of nutrients and water, tree roots consistently extend themselves in the search. What occurs as a result of these movements is contingent on the type of soil the tree is planted in.
Foundation damage and concrete
Tree roots aren’t the primary cause of foundation damage, though many feel they are. The changes in the soil’s condition are what cause most of the damage to foundations. This usually manifests itself in the form of concrete damage. In many instances, concrete damage is ugly, and it can be dangerous.
When concrete settles, it cracks and shifts. Depending on how massive the movement is, the structure of your house could be affected. If concrete breaks because of root activity, houses, particularly newer ones, might not be disrupted at all.
When concrete shifts due to settling, house foundations could be considerably impacted. In extreme cases, mainly with older houses, the whole house structure could suffer damage.
How to prevent root-related damage
If you’re concerned about the possibility of roots damaging your foundation, you can take some steps to protect yourself. In most cases, anxieties are when the foundation has been laid, and adjacent trees have long been in place.
One way to handle the problem is to build a root barrier. To do so, you might have to deep down to the base of your house’s foundation. You can chop away roots that are contacting your foundation while you’re plowing for the barrier. If you aren’t comfortable digging in the yard, contact a tree contractor.
The procedure can be a headache, but it’s much better than just trusting that your house will be left unharmed by root growth and weather cycles.
If your tree is missing hunks of bark, it doesn’t look so good. Is something’s wrong?
If you see peeling bark on your tree, help your tree by realizing what’s going on and learning the specifics regarding peeling bark and what to do about it.
My tree is losing bark? Why?
It’s typical for a tree to lose bark. For some types such as silver maple, birch, and sycamore, shedding big hunks of bark is appealing and natural for the tree. Other trees, including pine, maple, ash, and oak develop from the inside out, so the older bark drops off to make room for the newer bark.
If there’s healthy bark beneath the peeling layers, your tree is fine. But if you see any adverse signs, your tree requires some help. Schedule an appointment with an arborist.
Reasons bark falls off
Bark comes off after frost, which usually occurs on the tree’s southwest or south side. Any sharp swing in temperature can cause trees to crack under stress and shed bark.
Bark comes off after extreme heat, which strips bark down to the wood.
Bark comes off a damaging tree, which means you’d view other indications of stress like dead leaves and twigs, cankers, or sap.
Is my tree dying when the bark falls off?
There’s no one answer to this question. If the tree seems healthy, there’s a chance it’s just peeling for growing. If your tree lost bark after adverse weather, you should contact a tree specialist for an examination to make sure that no serious harm was done.
What to do about pine, ash, maple, and oak tree bark falling off
If the bark is peeling with no additional symptoms, it’s likely due to weather stress. Stressed trees love mulch and water. So, apply organic mulch in fall and spring. Water the tree when its soil is dry.
If you find any hints of disease or pest, oozing cankers, fuzzy fungus, or dead leaves, contact a Syracuse arborist check it out. They’ll tell you if the problem can be treated or if you need to remove the tree to protect the grass and other trees and shrubs in your outdoor space.
Frost cracks come in late winter to early spring usually on the southwest side of a tree at the site of a branch stub or earlier wound. They happen when the day’s sun heats the underlying wood and bark, creating tissue expansion. Then with a sharp, sudden temperature falls, the outer bark layer contracts, faster than the inner layers. The difference in contraction is mainly severe where there is a damaged area. Tissue in the wound site doesn’t contract as promptly as good wood.
The cambium in the wound area has created a different tissue, a barrier zone that has an unlikely chemical and anatomical makeup from ordinary wood. This space becomes an area of structural weakness and when strained by quick temperature change the wood splits along the barrier zone. The strain between the healthy and defective wood leads to the damage.
The splitting itself can explode like a rifle shot. The area involved indicates a vertical crack or bulge in the trunk. The space may harden over only to open again in the upcoming wintertime. The area can also let in disease organisms and insects. Vulnerable species are sycamore, ash, tulip tree, apple, maple, crabapple, beech, and horse chestnut.
Pest Management Strategies to Use
Treat trees fine. Avoid trunk wounds! They can come from mowing, incorrect pruning, and weed whipping. Do not use tar or wound paints on the crack. They disturb the healing. Prune accurately.
Offer a clean wound area. If the break is clean with tidy edges and no dangling, loose bark, don’t mess with the trunk. It will heal on its own. If there is a raggedy tear with peeling bark, cut off the affected bark. Then cut around the wound with a sterile, sharp knife. This cut encourages speedy healing and cambium growth. A half inch of bark around the injury could be detached to give create a clean edge. The edges will harden and ultimately close over the wound.
Severe damage. If there is a seriously large crack, an arborist can do some bolting to save the tree.
Not all firewood creates the same results, even if it’s correctly seasoned. You might want wood that burns efficiently while not giving off extreme heat, wood that gives the most heat per log, or wood that crackles nicely. The secret to choosing the best firewood for your fireplace is in understanding the different wood types and what their qualities are.
Too much wetness in firewood of any kind reduces burning effectiveness. The smoke that comes off of unseasoned/green wood is energy that’s rising the chimney instead of being transformed into heat for your house. Not only is wood smoke a sign of unproductive fuel, but it’s also unhealthful.
The smoke has little particles that are breathed in and can escape natural defense mechanisms in the body. Also, smoke creates a hazardous situation with your chimney, since too much smoke is the leading cause of the accumulation of creosote which creates chimney fires.
A Crackling Fire
If you like a fire that has lots of crackles, take a look at fir. It’s softwood that dry out swiftly, splits correctly, and produces fantastic flames. Best of all, fir fires have a fresh aroma that helps make the perfect holiday ambiance. Be sure you have a good protective screen or glass doors since the popping and crackling put out more sparks than other firewood types.
A Hot Fire
Trees are either softwoods or hardwoods. Hardwood has the highest BTU content, meaning it produces a lot of heat. Hardwoods are dense. A pile of hardwood weighs way more than the same collection of softwood and delivers twice the heat.
Hardwood logs blaze slowly and are best for cooking and producing hot, intense fires. Though, it’s much harder to get a fire going with hardwood. It’s best to use softwood to get your fire going and then add the hardwood.
Some hardwoods that are excellent for burning since they are easy to burn, offer high heat and create minimal smoke are:
Whatever sort of firewood you burn, it’s critical to get your chimney examined yearly. Call a certified tree care professional if you're interested in having some trees cut down for firewood.
The woolly bear caterpillar (aka fuzzy and woolly worm) has the reputation of being capable of forecasting the upcoming winter weather. Regardless if this is folklore or fact, learn some insight into the woolly bear caterpillar and how to interpret the worm.
Here’s the tale: The Woolly Bear caterpillar has 13 separate segments of either black or rusty brown. The bigger the rusty brown sections (or, the browner the parts are), the milder the upcoming winter will be. The blacker it is, the harsher the winter.
A woolly bear caterpillar is a form of the tiger moth (Isabella).
This mid-size moth, with yellow-orange and cream-colored wings dotted with black, is familiar from northern Mexico throughout the US and across the southern part of Canada. As moths are concerned, the woolly bear caterpillar isn’t great to look at matched with other types, but its young larva, known as the black-ended and woolly bear is one of the few caterpillars most folks can identify. Woolly bears don’t feel much like wool. They are covered with stiff, short bristles of hair.
Do they forecast the winter?
Between 1948 and 1956, a medical professional, Dr. Curran, counted an average brown-segment ranged between 5.3 to 5.6 from the 13-segment total, signifying that the brown band took up over a third of the woolly bear’s body. The following winters were milder than usual, and Dr. Curran decided that the folklore might be real.
But Curran was under no scientific illusion. He understood that his data samples were minute. Although the tests legitimized folklore to some, they were just a reason to have fun.
Thirty years after Curran’s experiment, the woolly bear brown-segment tally and winter forecasts were revived thanks to the nature museum at Bear Mountain State Park. The annual counts have continued, often by word of mouth.
If the rusty band is full, then it will be a mild winter. The blacker there is, the harsher the winter. If you find any other insect in your tree, ask a knowledgeable tree specialist to check it out for you.
If you see peeling tree bark, you may be wondering why your bark is shedding. While this isn’t always a cause for panic, learning more about trees that naturally lose their bark can help bring some light on this problem so you’ll know what, if anything, should be done for it.
When the bark is shedding off a tree, decide if the tree is performing an ordinary shedding process or if disease or injury is the reason for the issue. If the old bark sheds and the new bark is over the wood afterward, this is its natural shedding.
If you see fungus or bare wood under the peeling bark, the tree is enduring from disease or environmental damage.
Trees with peeling bark
A tree with peeling bark isn’t automatically an issue. As a tree flourish, bark layers thicken, and the dead, old bark falls off. It may fall away slowly so that you barely notice it, but some sorts of trees have a more interesting shedding process that may be disturbing until you realize that it is entirely reasonable. Several trees are prone to peeling and provide distinctive interest, particularly in winter.
Trees that generally shed bark in huge chunks: Silver maple/ Scotch pine/Birch/ Sycamore/ Redbud/ Shagbark hickory.
Environmental Causes Behind Tree with Peeling Bark
Peeling tree bark is sometimes because of the environment. If peeling bark on trees is only on the southwest or south side of the tree and bare wood is visible, the issue could be frost damage or sunscald. This type of shedding disturbs the lifespan and health of the tree, and more prominent areas of exposed wood make it more expectantly that the tree will perish.
Horticulturalists disagree about whether painting with white reflective paint or wrapping the trees aids in eliminating sunscald. If you cover the trunk of the tree over winter, be sure to remove the wrapping before spring so that it doesn’t offer shelter for insects. Trees with breaks in the bark can live for a long time if the damaged space is narrow. Call an arborist if the tree is leaning or appears damaged.
We at Syracuse Tree Service want to help you with your tree service needs, our blog is where we provide helpful tips and ideas for the health of your trees.